Hennock & Teign Village Chronicle

Published by the Hennock Village Hall Committee

300° view of Hennock from
the top of the Church Tower

© 2014 D Baker

St Mary's Church History

Historical references to the Church.

An Extract from ‘Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Devon’ originally published in ‘The Exeter and Plymouth Gazette’ c.a. 1828 No. XL. HENNOCK. From Google Books
TO THE EDITOR OF THE EXETER AND PLYMOUTH GAZETTE. The village of Hennock is between two and three miles from Chudleigh, in an elevated situation, over­looking the vale of the Teign, and on the verge of the downs that stretch away towards Moretonhampstead.
The Church, dedicated to the Virgin Mary, is not large, and rather low; it was built in the 15th century, and from the arms of Bishop Booth being placed in one of the windows, it was probably erected during his episcopate; he was Bishop of Exeter from the year 1466 to 1478.
The interior consists of a nave, connected with two side aisles by four obtuse arches springing from clustered columns, a chancel, a south porch embattled, and a low tower, containing four bells; it is in good re­pair and well seated.
The screen is perfect, but not much ornamented; in the lower part are some figures of saints.
The pulpit and gallery are neat; the ceiling over the pulpit is ornamented with gilt-work.
The altar-piece was given by  a former Vicar (Mr. Harris); the carved work, the painting, and the letters were executed by a Clergyman, (Mr. Madge); on it is the following inscription :—" Joannes Harris, LL. B.  hujus parockwe Viearius, A. D. 1763.  Joannes Jenkins   struxit \ Ste-phanus Madge scripsit."   
The font is ancient, evidently Saxon, of a square form, the outside adorned with rude work, and supported by a solid square pedestal. 
In the windows of the north aisle are many fragments of painted glass. In the east window is an imperfect representation of the Magi offering presents to the infant Jesus, under rich tabernacle work.
In another window are four figures of angels, with foliage and roses; and in another, figures of the Evangelists, with their names on labels.
Likewise the following arms:—
  1. - Three fishes hauriant, Or, — Lucy.
  2. - Arg. Three boars' heads erazed and erect sab. in chief a label of three points.— Bishop Booth.
  3. - Checky Or, and Gules, a chief vair.— Chichester.
  4. - Ermine.    Three lions rampant.— Chudleigh.
  5. - A bend sab. between six fountains. — Stourton.*1
On grave stones, in the Church, are the following arms —
  1. - A fess frette. Gale.
  2. - A chevron between three water bougets. Yarde.
  3. - A hind passant, in chief a label Hyne. Impaling a fess indented within, between two barrulets. — Hody, of Nethway.
Bishop Bronescombe taxed the Vicarage, Sept. 3d, 1259. It appears from this taxation that the Patrons, the Abbot and Convent of Torre, were to claim only the "Decinue Garbarum," the Vicar whom they presented to have the glebe, manse, small tithes, and oblations. The rectorial tythes and advowson continued with the Abbey until the Reformation. The last Abbot, Simon Rede, leased for 60 years, "Reetoriam nostram et decimas garbarum," on January 4th, Anno 30e Henry VIII. to John Southcote and John Parre.
On April 7th, Anno 7° Edward VI. this John Southcote purchased the Rectory and Advowson of the Crown, for £234 8s. The Southcote family sold the same to the Corporation of Exon (Exeter?), the present patrons, in 1631.*2
It appears from Izacke's Account of the Legacies left to the Poor of Exeter, "That the sheaf and rectory of Hennock, with the vicarage there, was purchased by the Chamber of Exeter of — Southcote, Esq. with the sum of £400, left by Laurence Bodley, D. D. one of the Canons Residentiary of the Cathedral, for the purpose of founding a lecture at Exeter, to which Thomas Moggridge, of the city of Exeter, merchant, added the sum of £200.  Dr. Bodley bequeathed his charity in 1615.  T. Moggridge in 1617. "
The Rev. J. Hill, the present Vicar, informed Mr. Lysons that "sometime between the middle and the latter end of the 17th century, the Chamber appear to have endowed the Vicarage with the great tythes, subject to £42 per annum, paid to the Mayor of Exeter on account of the lecture above-mentioned, and £7 per annum to the Lord of the Manor; it must have been between 1648 and 1692, as appears by the parish books."

The parish Register is of very early date, commencing in 1542, in the reign of Henry VIII. The early entries-are in Latin.

At Knighton, a hamlet in this parish, situated on the great western road, there was formerly a Chapel, which has long been desecrated. It was used as a barn, but a few years ago it was enlarged, and converted into a Wesleyan Meetinghouse. A field, called Chapel Park, half a mile distant, is said to have belonged to this Chapel, or at least that a small sum in the form of rent was to be paid from it; this field is now sold off.

*1 James Chudleigh married Margaret, daughter of William Lord Stourton, in 1476.
*2 Mr. Lysons states that Philip de Salmonville gave the Church of Hennock to the Abbey of Tor, in the reign of Richard 1. He is certainly wrong in stating that the families of Washer and Pinsent had the patronage of the Vicarage directly after the Reformation. It is clear from the Institutions, that the Vicar­age passed direct from the Abbey to J. Southcote, Esq.
DEVONIENSIS. (The Rev. J. P. Jones of North Bovey)

 

 

From: Some Old Devon Churches By J. Stabb London: Simpkin et al (1908-16) Page 117
HENNOCK. St. Mary. The church consists of chancel, nave, north and south aisles, south porch, western tower and a western vestry. The church,with the exception of the tower, was entirely rebuilt about 1450. The original decoration of the portion of the roof over the rood screen still remains and is in a good state of preservation. The screen is of good Perpendicular work of 15th century date.

Rood Screen
The Rood Screen

The groining and cornice were probably removed in 1758.
The doors remain and most probably have paintings on the panels, but these are obliterated by a coating of oak paint.
The other panels owe their preservation to the high backed pews wich were put in the church in 1758. Amongst the figures, commencing from the north side, are St. John, St. Peter, St. Jude, St. Paul, St. Stephen, St. Philip, St. Matthias, St. Lawrence (with a gridiron), St. Gertrude, Virgin and Abbess with a loaf of bread), and St. Margaret (trampling on the Dragon). On the south side are the Annunciation and some figures in an unfinished state. Mr. C. E. Keyser thinks the figures on the panels behind the pulpit to be St. Sidwell and St. Winifrid.
The rood staircase was blocked up at the restoration in 1875, but the position of the two doors can be seen in the interior.
The parclose screens, bereft of their cornices, remain in good condition.
The tower is late First-Pointed, 44 feet high, and contains a peal of four bells.
The font is fine, a large bowl of local stone supported by five shafts, a thick central one, and a smaller at each corner. The date is about 1170, and the font must have belonged to an earlier church on the same site.

Font
The Font

The list of vicars begins with Symon de Sancto Lando, September 3rd 1259, presented by the Abbot and Convent of Torre, who were patrons to 1539.
The registers date from 1541, see the Church Parish Records page.

 

Extract from: The Rectory of Hennock.

The City of Exeter Deeds dated 1916, concerning the period when the Rectory was owned by the Corporation of Exeter. (Note l. is libra or pounds, spelling is as in the original text)

The Rectory of Hennock, near Chudleigh, formerly belonged to the Abbey of Tor, but was leased to John Southcote of Bovey Tracey on Jan, 4, 1539 by the last Abbot Simon Rede, who surrendered the Abbey on Feb. 23, 1539.
The Rectory was purchased by the Chamber of Exeter on April 6, 1631 from Thomas Southcote's son Fitzwilliams Southcote of Sowton, for 450 l., the money being chiefly taken from Lawrence Bodley's legacy. (Dr. Bodley left a considerable sum of money to the Corporation of Exeter for the foundation of a Lecture (Sermon), the Corporation 'invested' some of that bequest in the purchase of the Rectory of Hennock. ed.)
These documents relate to various transactions in connection with the property from Southcote's lease in 1539 down to March 4, 1699. For a suit as to the advowson, see Law Papers, 1621; Calendar II, p. 230.
The following extracts from the Chamber Act Books relate to Hennock during the time that the rectory was in the hands of the Corporation.
In Act Book VII, f. 381, Aug. 5, 1630,it is agreed that 40 l. shall be paid to Mr. Recever for purchasing the patronage of Hennick, togeather with the parsonage of the same, wherby the Maier, Bailiffs and Commonaltie may be patrons thereof.
In Act Book VII, f. 389, March 1, 1631, on which day there were delivered unto Mr. Walter White 6 severall obligacons for the payment of 600 l. of the guifte of Dr. Bodlie and Mr. Moggridge to be collected in for the satisfaccon of Sir Popham Southcott, son of Thomas Southcote.
Ibid., f. 359b, Nov. 22, 1631 : Whereas the first day of March last past there were 6 severall obligacons for 600 l. of Dr. Bodlie's and Mr. Moggridge monie given to charitable uses as was then unpaid towarde the satisfying of the ffyne for the purchase of the Rectorie of Hennock for the foresaid purposes this day Mr. White hath given an accompate of the said monies and alsoe of 40 l. paid unto hym by Mr. [Adam] Bennett, late receiver of the said Cittie [i.e. in 1630–31] for the purchase of the patronage of Hennock beforesaid, which is approved of by this house and the saide Mr. White discharged of the foresaid obligacons and monies and of 31l. 3s. 4d. received of the obligacons for the interest of the said monies &c. the account being in toto for 671 13s. 4d.
In Act Book X, f. 171, Nov. 25, 1662. This day it is agreede that the tenants of Hennocke be required to pay in the rent for the Tythes for this laste harveste into this Chamber to be disposed of as shalbe thought fitt by this house.
Ibid., f. 171, b, Dec. 2, 1662, that Mr. fferdinando Nichollas Clark (p. 99), who hath for divers yeeres past performed the lecture heretofore founded by Doctor Bodlie, deceased, and others, and soe hath done untill the last harvest, shall receive the profitts of the Rectorie of Hennock given for that purpos for this last harvest.
In Act Book XI, f. 1a, July 21, 1663. This day the sheaf of Hennock is sett unto Mr. George Gale for the rent of 65 l. for one year to be paid att Two dayes in the yere of equale porcions and the lessee to be freede from all other rente, rates and taxes.
Ibid., f. 6, Oct. 20, 1663. Mr. William Sanford is desired to receive of Mr. Gale 31l. 19s. 06d., being parte of the rent of the sheafe of the Rectory of Hennock.
Do., f. 12b, April 26, 1664. Whereas there is halfe a yeares rent due from Mr. George Gale for the Rectorie of Hennock, being 32 l. 10s. at Our Ladye Day last past, Mr. Sanford is desired to receive the same with the Account thereof and to pay the same to Mr. ffrauncis Moore, the present lecturer.
Ibid., f. 44b, June 15, 1666, that Mr. ffrancis Moore, the present lecturer of Doctor Bodlye's lecture, shall have power to sett and lett the tithes of Hennock for one year from Midsomer day next commynge for the best benifitt, he discharging the duties enjoyned by the will and discharging the Cittie from all high rents, taxes and other impositions chargeable uppon the same during that tyme.
In Act Book XI,j. 63b, june 25, 1667, it is ordered that Mr. Francis Moore, the present lecturer of Doctor Bodleye's lecture,shall have libertie to dispose of the Rectorie of Henock for the present yere, he paying the high Rent and discharging all rates, taxes and other imposicons whereunto the same is lyable duringe the said tyme.
In Act Book XIII, f. 191, Feb.6, 1704. That a grant of the next avoidance f the Vicaridge of Hennock bee made to Mr. Parr in consideration of 60 guinneys.

From: 'The city of Exeter: Deeds', Report on the Records of the City of Exeter (1916), pp. 263-279. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=67129&strquery=hennock Date accessed: 07 November 2012.

 

Parliamentary Report of Accounts and Papers relating to Corporate Officers and Charitable Funds.
Extract from Returns to Parliament in 1833 of Corporation Charitable Funds, and Corporate Officers who have become Magistrates.
(This is a further paper on the ownership of Hennock by Exeter. I have extracted only a part of the section relating to the CORPORATION OF EXETER where Hennock is mentioned. No doubt that the originals of the papers referred to by the Exeter Town Clerk are in the Devon RO somewhere, l. is libra or pounds. DB)
Sir,Exeter, 28th February 1833.
In compliance with your Letter of the 11th instant, I have the honour to transmit a Return of the names, professions and trades of the members of the Corporation of Exeter, who, by virtue of their election to corporate offices have become magistrates, and acted as such during the last 20 years.
With respect to the Charitable Funds in the disposition of the Corporation of Exeter, I beg to state, that a full Report thereof has already been laid before The House of Commons by the Parliamentary Commissioners for inquiring concerning Charities, and I have the honour to send herewith a copy of such Report as the most accurate Return which it is in my power to make on the subject. The Report embraces the whole of the Exeter Charities: those in the disposal of the Corporation are detailed in the following pages.
S. M. Phillipps, Esq.                                                    Edward Gattey, Town Clerk.  

(It seems that there was a request from Parliament for disclosure of all gifts and bequests to public officials. Nothing changes!) DB
(Here there is a long passage over many many pages relating to gifts and bequests to among others the St. Johns hospital and the founding of the Blue School and other charitable projects, these I have omited, this passage is all that I can find that relates to Hennock. The first part describing the gifts is necessary as it is material to the section relating to Hennock) DB.

Bodley's Gift and Mogridge's Gift. — Lawrence Bodley, d.d. one of the canons residentiary of the cathedral church of Exeter, by his Will, bearing date the 12th of April 1615, and proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, bequeathed as follows :—
"I give and bequeath to the mayor, bailiffs and commonalty of the city of Exeter, the sum of 400l. to be paid by mine executors, within four months after my decease, to the use, intent and purpose hereafter expressed, and herein set down; that is to say, my will and desire is, that they, with the said 400 l. do, within one year after my decease, procure and purchase so much land in fee simple as shall be yearly worth, for ever, the sum of 20 ll. by the year, which sum of 20 l. yearly to be received, my will and desire is, may be yearly employed and bestowed immediately from the time of the purchase of the said land, for the continual and yearly maintenance of a sufficient preacher within the said city of Exeter, for ever, to be chosen by the said mayor and his company of the chamber of the said city of Exeter, and by them to be always appointed to exercise and preach a ser­mon weekly, on the Sabbath days, for ever, in such convenient place or places within the said city of Exeter, as shall be by them procured and thought most fit and most profitable for edification, which said preacher, so to be chosen and nominated by the said mayor and his company, shall be from time to time allowed for his sufficiency and conformity, according to the laws of the realm, either by the Lord Bishop of the diocese, or by the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury, his grace, for the time being."
Thomas Mogridge, of Exeter, merchant, by his Will, bearing date the 14th of July 1617, and proved in the same court, gave to the said mayor, bailiffs and commonalty, 200 l. to be paid within two years after his death, to be bestowed in land, for ever, for the benefit of the preacher of the lecture ordered and appointed by the said Dr. Bodley:
The registry of the Bishop of Exeter, for the year 1629, contains the following entry relating to the lecture founded by the said Dr. Bodley.
" Mr. Mico and others, their testimony concerning Dr. Bodley, his lecture, in the city of Exeter, accepted, and given to be registered by the Right reverend father in God the Lord Bishop of Exeter, in his office, the 4th of February, a. d. 1629.
" Dr. Bodley, not long before he died, did divers times complain that a great number of the people which came to St. Peter's upon the Sunday, at ten of the clock, could hear nothing, and therefore he thought it good to have, at the same time, a sermon in some parish church, that such as could not hear the sermon at St. Peter's might come thither to hear; and on a time, demanding of his men what church might be fittest for it, one of them answered, that the parish church of St. Petrock's (as he thought) would be fittest. About the end of January, before he died, which was the 19th of April ensuing, he told me, that he put in 400 l. to the chamber of the city of Exeter for a lecture, and that so long as he lived be would see it supplied, and when he died he would leave it to the chamber to provide a preacher for it; and this I speak upon my own knowledge.                           “John Mico, minister”
[Then follows the testimony of Dorothy Mogridge, widow of the said Thomas Mogridge, mentioning the augmentation of the said fund for a lecture, by her husband, with 200 l. and the testimony of John Row, Walter White and others, to the same effect as that of Mr. Mico.]
"I do accept of this testimony, and will that it be recorded in the registry.          “Jos. Exon”
By indenture, bearing date the 6th of April 1651, Fitzwilliam Southcott, in consideration of 450 l. assigned to the mayor, bailiffs and commonalty of Exeter, and their successors, the rectory and par­sonage of Hennock, in the county of Devon, with the tithes of grain and corn growing within that parish, and the advowson, patronage and free disposition of the vicarage of the same parish, to hold the said rectory and tithes for the residue of a term of 99 years, determinate on three lives, granted by Thomas Southcott, esquire, deceased, at the rent of 7 l. ; and the said advowson of the vicarage for the residue of a similar term.
And by indenture, bearing date the 8th of April in the same year, Thomas Southcott, esquire, and Sir Popham Southcott, knight, his son, in consideration of 216 l. granted to the mayor, bailiffs and commonalty, and their successors, the said rectory and tithes, and the advowson of the said vicarage, and all barns, houses, glebe lands, &c. to the said rectory belonging, paying yearly for the said rectory to the said Thomas Southcott during his life, and after his decease to we said Sir Popham Southcott and his heirs, the annual rent of 7 l.
A memorandum, indorsed on each of these deeds, states, that the said advowson and patronage of Hennock was purchased by the said mayor, bailiffs and commonalty, for the sum of 40 l. paid by them, for the proper use of them and their successors ; and that all the other premises were purchased with the monies theretofore given by Dr. Bodley and Mr. Mogridge, for a lecturer within the said city, and to be employed to that use only, though they were all contained in the same deed, to avoid several writings tor the same.
Several old leases of the rectory and great tithes of Hennock from the mayor, bailiffs and common­alty of Exeter, were produced to us; the earliest, bearing date in 1636, was granted to Humphrey Bond, gentleman, for eight years, at the yearly rent of 65 l. with a covenant from the lessee to repair the chancel of the parish church of Hennock, and to pay all church and poor rates.
Two other leases, bearing date in 1694 and 1699, were granted for five years each to Anthony Loveys, of Hennock, clerk, and Aaron Loveys, his son, at the yearly rent of 45 l. with similar covenants on the part of the lessees.
For a considerable number of years the vicar of Hennock for the time being has been allowed by the chamber of Exeter to hold the great tithes under them, at a yearly rent. As one of the lessee in the two last-mentioned leases is described as being a clergyman of Hennock, it is not improbable that he was the vicar of that parish, and that the same mode of disposing of the great tithes has been acted upon from that time to the present. The Reverend John Hill, being the son of an alderman of the city of Exeter, was presented by the chamber to the vicarage in 1775, and still holds the same. No lease of the great tithes has ever been granted to him by the chamber, but he has during his incumbency received a composition for those tithes, paying to the mayor of Exeter for the time being a clear rent of 42 l. per annum, and also paying to the lord of the manor the rent of 7 l. reserved by the deeds of 1631.
There appears to be no doubt that these tithes are of considerably greater annual value than the rent paid for them by the vicar, but we have not been enabled accurately to ascertain their value, as they are thrown into composition with the small tithes. Mr. Hill informs us, that the amount of all the tithes of the parish is 260 l. per annum.
The rent of 42 l. is paid to the mayor for the time being shortly after Michaelmas, and is by him paid over to the two mayors' chaplains of the preceding year, in the proportion of two-thirds to the junior chaplain and one-third to the senior chaplain. One of these chaplains performs divine service at the chapel in St. John's hospital, whenever the mayor attends divine service there in his official capacity, which, as we are informed, he usually does one Sunday in each month. One of the chap­lains also officiates on the 6th of August, which is held as an anniversary by the mayor and chamber, and on the day on which the mayor is chosen. The junior chaplain is appointed annually by the chamber, on the recommendation of the mayor for the time being.
For some years past, the Reverend Richard Eastcott has been annually appointed to the situation of senior chaplain under the following circumstances: Mr. Eastcott was the rector of the parishes of St. Edmond and St. Mary Steps in Exeter, and consented, upon its being proposed to him by the chamber that he should be annually appointed chaplain to the mayor, to resign the latter benefice, by which he has been enabled to perform the duty on Sundays twice instead of once in the church of the former parish.
During the incumbency of the present vicar of Hennock, who is of advanced age, it may not be thought expedient to alter the mode of disposing of the great tithes of that parish, which has so long prevailed; but whenever a vacancy in that benefice shall occur, it appears to us that the great tithes ought to be let for their fair value, and the clear produce applied for the support of a weekly lecture on Sundays, in such church or chapel in the city of Exeter as may be thought most beneficial, and as can be procured by the chamber for that purpose, according to the intention of the donors of the money with which those tithes were purchased, as is shown by the before-mentioned documents.
End of extract.

Note, It is all very muddled but it looks to me that they (Corporation of Exeter) used the money in the Bodley and Mogridge bequest/gift to buy the Hennock Rectory and Tithes for a period of 99 years, the proceeds of which were used to pay for the annual lecture bestowed by the original gifts.
However that was in 1651, why then in 1833 is this still a live issue that merits a report to Parliament where the covering letter from the Exeter Town Clerk states that the submission covers activities in the last 20 years?
And why in 1775 20 years after the original 99 year lease had expired is the vicar of Hennock still paying rent to the Mayor of Exeter?
When did Exeter cease to own the Rectory?, it seems that in 1833 (80 years after the original 99 year lease had expired) the Corporation of Exeter were still in receipt of tithes and were looking for a way in which the situation could be changed when the vicar in 1833 (John Turner) had died but he was not replaced until 1847.
It should also be noted that in the 1838 Tithe Apportionments for Hennock that the tithes were paid as follows:
To the Viar:  £233
To the Trustees of Charity Estates of the Corporation of Exeter: £186

Does anyone have any more imformation?